• Name : Til
  • English Name :Sesame seeds
  • Scientific Name :Sesamum indicum



Tila consists of dried seeds of Sesamum indicum, a herb extensively cultivated throughout the plains of India upto 1200 m for its seeds.1


Morphology Description (Habit):

Seed white, brown, grey or black, flattened ovate in shape, smooth or reticulate, 2.5 to 3 mm long and 1.5 mm broad, one side slightly concave with faint marginal lines and an equally faint central line; taste, pleasant and oily.1


Parts Used:

Dried Seed



Fixed Oil (Refer: Til Oil)


As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Sweet, pungent, bitter and astringent

           Guna (Property)           : Heavy, unctuous

           Veerya (Potency)         : Hot

           Vipaka (End Result)      : Sweet


Pharmacological Actions:

Til is Vatahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this wholesome nourishing seed are summarized as under:


Digestive System:

i. S. indicum possesses antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties, that eliminate the deleterious effects of toxic metabolites of ethanol.2


Endocrinal System: 

i. It was observed that chronic treatment of diabetic rats with sesame seed could in a dose-manner prevent some abnormal changes in vascular reactivity through nitric oxide and via attenuation of oxidative stress in aortic tissue and endothelium integrity is necessary for this beneficial effect.3

ii. Exerts favorable effects in decreasing CVD risk factors in type 2 diabetics.4


Reproductive System: 

i. Promotes fertility in men due to testosterone-increasing and antioxidant effects.5

ii. Lignans present in the pericarp which exert phyto-oestrogenic activity.6


Musculoskeletal System: 

i. Exerts positive effect in improving clinical signs and symptoms in patients with knee Osteoarthritis.7


Skin and Hair: 

i. S. indicum seeds and oil applied topically or administered orally possesses wound healing activity.8



i. Possess strong antioxidant capacity.9




Abnormal hair fall

General weakness



1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vo-4.

2. Oyinloye BE, Nwozo SO, Amah GH, et al. Prophylactic effect of aqueous extract of Sesamum indicum seeds on ethanol-induced toxicity in male rats. Nutr Res Pract. 2014 Feb;8(1):54-8.

3. Roghani M, Jalali-Nadoushan MR, Baluchnejadmojarad T, et al. Endothelium-dependent Effect of Sesame Seed Feeding on Vascular Reactivity of Streptozotocin-diabetic Rats: Underlying Mechanisms. Iran J Pharm Res. 2013 Summer;12(3):377-85.

4. Mirmiran P, Bahadoran Z, Golzarand M, et al. Ardeh (Sesamum indicum) could improve serum triglycerides and atherogenic lipid parameters in type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized clinical trial. Arch Iran Med. 2013 Nov;16(11):651-6.

5. Ashamu E, Salawu E, Oyewo O, et al. Efficacy of vitamin C and ethanolic extract of Sesamum indicum in promoting fertility in male Wistar rats. J Hum Reprod Sci. 2010 Jan;3(1):11-4.

6. Anagnostis A, Papadopoulos AI. Effects of a diet rich in sesame ( Sesamum indicum) pericarp on the expression of oestrogen receptor alpha and oestrogen receptor beta in rat prostate and uterus. Br J Nutr. 2009 Sep;102(5):703-8.

7. Eftekhar Sadat B, Khadem Haghighian M, Alipoor B, et al. Effects of sesame seed supplementation on clinical signs and symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Int J Rheum Dis. 2013 Oct;16(5):578-82.

8. Kiran K, Asad M. Wound healing activity of Sesamum indicum L seed and oil in rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 2008 Nov;46(11):777-82.

9. Visavadiya NP, Soni B, Dalwadi N. Free radical scavenging and antiatherogenic activities of Sesamum indicum seed extracts in chemical and biological model systems. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Oct;47(10):2507-15.


Product Range:

Calcicor Syrup