• Name : Sanay
  • English Name :Indian Senna, Tinnevelly Senna
  • Scientific Name :Cassia angustifolia


A small shrub, 60-75 cm high, found throughout the year, cultivated largely in Southern India, especially in districts of Tinnevelly, Madurai and Tiruchirapally and has also been introduced in Mysore, fully grown, thick bluish colour leaves stripped off by hand, collected and dried in shade for 7-10 days, till assume a yellowish-green colour, graded and then packed into large bales.1

Morphology Description:

Leaflets, 2.5-6 cm long and 7-15 mm wide at centre, pale yellowish-green, elongated lanceolate, slightly asymmetric at base, margins entire, fiat apex acute with a sharp spine, both surfaces smooth with sparse trichomes, odour, faint but distinctive, taste mucilagenous and disagreeable but not distinctly bitter.1

Parts Used:            Leaf


Anthraquinone, glucoside, flavonoids, steroids and resin.

As per Ayurveda:

Rasa (Taste)                  Pungent, bitter and astringent

Guna (Property)             Light, rough and sharp

Veerya (Potency)          Hot

Vipaka (End Result)    Pungent

Pharmacological Actions:

The primary pharmacological actions of this Sanay are summarized as under:

Digestive System: 

i. Extremely useful as a laxative.  

ii. Exerts hepatoprotective action.2


 Constipation


1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, part-1, Vol-1.

2. Ilavarsan R, Mohideen S, et al. Hepatoprotective effect of Cassia angustifolia vahl. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2001; 63(6): 504-507.

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