• Name : Rumi Mastagi
  • English Name :Mastic
  • Scientific Name :Pistacia lentsicus



Rumimastagi is a resin obtained from Pistacia lentiscus Linn. (Fam. Anacardiaceae), a shrub or small tree indigenous to the countries bordering on the Mediterranean.1


Morphology Description (Habit):

The resin occurs in small, hard, pear shaped, ovoid or nearly globular, sometimes elongated tears, about 2 to 8 mm in diameter; pale yellow in colour; brittle, breaking into clear glossy fracture, interior transparent, crushing to a sandy powder, taste, slightly agreeable; odour, aromatic.1


Parts Used:




Resin, volatile oil, a bicyclic terpenoid and fatty acids.


As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Sweet

           Guna (Property)           : Light, rough

           Veerya (Potency)         : Hot

           Vipaka (End Result)      : Sweet


Pharmacological Actions:

Rumimastagi is Kaphahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this restorative resin are summarized as under:


Digestive System:

i. Its mild antisecretory activity and a localized adaptive cryoprotectant action is considered to be responsible for its anti-ulcer activity.2

ii. P.lentiscus powder could possibly have a therapeutic role in Crohn's disease, regulating oxidant/antioxidant balance and modulating inflammation.3


Musculoskeletal System: 

i. The essential oil of Pistacia lentiscus reduces leukocyte migration to the damaged tissue and exhibits anti-inflammatory activity.4



i. Gum of Chios mastic (Pistacia lentiscus var. chia) is a natural antimicrobial agent that has found extensive use in pharmaceutical products and as a nutritional supplement.5

ii. The mastic gum inhibits PKC (protein kinase C) which attenuates production of superoxide and H2O2 by NADPH oxidases. This antioxidant property may have direct implication to the anti-inflammatory activity of the Chios mastic gum.5



Inflammatory conditions



1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-5.

2. Mansoor S. Al-Said, AM Ageel, et al. Evaluation of mastic, a crude drug obtained from Pistacia lentiscus for gastric and duodenal anti-ulcer activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1986; 15(3): 271-278.

3. Gioxari A, Kaliora AC, Papalois A, et al. Pistacia lentiscus resin regulates intestinal damage and inflammation in trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis. J Med Food. 2011 Nov;14(11):1403-11.

4. Maxia A, Sanna C, Frau MA, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of Pistacia lentiscus essential oil: involvement of IL-6 and TNF-alpha. Nat Prod Commun. 2011 Oct;6(10):1543-4.

5. Triantafyllou A, Bikineyeva A, Dikalova A, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of Chios mastic gum is associated with inhibition of TNF-alpha induced oxidative stress. Nutr J. 2011 Jun 6;10:64.


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