E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Pudina Taila
  • English Name :Spearmint Oil
  • Scientific Name :Spearmint Oil

 

Habitat:

Pudina Taila is obtained from aerial part of Mentha viridis, a perennial, creeping aromatic herb of 30 to 90 cm high, widely cultivated throughout the plains of India for culinary and medicinal purposes.1

 

Morphology Description (Habit):

It has a similar aroma to that of peppermint oil, but is slightly sweeter and is pale yellow to greenish in color.

 

Parts Used:

Spearmint oil is extracted by steam distilling the flowering tops.

 

Phytochemistry:

The most abundant compound in spearmint oil is R-(?)-carvone, which gives spearmint its distinctive smell. Spearmint oil also contains significant amounts of limonene, dihydrocarvone, and 1,8-cineol. Unlike peppermint oil, oil of spearmint contains minimal amounts of menthol and menthone.2

 

As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Pungent

           Guna (Property)           : Light, sharp

           Veerya (Potency)         : Hot

           Vipaka (End Result)    : Pungent

 

Pharmacological Actions:

The primary pharmacological actions of this soothing oil are summarized as under:

 

Respiratory System:

i. Mitigates cough, bronchitis, asthma, catarrh and sinusitis.

ii. Exerts a protective effect on compromised lungs in COPD, since it improves pulmonary inflammation, oxidative alteration, and enhances Nrf2 protein expression.3

 

Digestive System:

i. The topical application of oil has been observed to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV).4

ii. (-)-Carvone is a monoterpene ketone found in spearmint essential oil. An intestinal antispasmodic effect was recently reported for (-)-carvone, and it has been shown to be more potent than its (+)-antipode. (-)-carvone showed a typical and potent CCB (Calcium channel blocker)-like action.5

iii. Relieves flatulence, constipation, vomiting and nausea.

 

Others: 

i. This aromatherapeutic oil exerts stimulating and uplifting action on tired and fatigued mind.

ii. Exhibits antibacterial action.

iii. Helps alleviate headache, nervous strain, fatigue and stress.

iv. Spearmint Oil significantly retards biofilm formation that can contribute to the development of novel anticaries treatments.6

v. Gastroprotective and calcium channel antagonizing properties of Mentha spicata can be effectively utilized in preventing radiation-induced behavioral changes.7

 

Indications:

Indigestion, allied nausea and abdominal discomfort

Postoperative nausea

Headache, stress and fatigue

Orodental health and hygiene

 

References:

1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-5.

2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spearmint

3. Zhao CZ, Wang Y, Tang FD, et al. Effect of Spearmint oil on inflammation, oxidative alteration and Nrf2 expression in lung tissue of COPD rats. Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2008 Jul;37(4):357-63.

4. Tayarani-Najaran Z, Talasaz-Firoozi E, Nasiri R, Jalali N, Hassanzadeh M. Antiemetic activity of volatile oil from Mentha spicata and Mentha ? piperita in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Ecancermedicalscience. 2013;7:290.

5. Souza FV, da Rocha MB, de Souza DP, Mar?al RM. (-)-Carvone: antispasmodic effect and mode of action. Fitoterapia. 2013 Mar;85:20-4.

6. Rasooli I, Shayegh S, Astaneh S. The effect of Mentha spicata and Eucalyptus camaldulensis essential oils on dental biofilm. Int J Dent Hyg. 2009 Aug;7(3):196-203.

7. Haksar A, Sharma A, Chawla R, et al. Mint oil (Mentha spicata Linn.) offers behavioral radioprotection: a radiation-induced conditioned taste aversion study. Phytother Res. 2009 Feb;23(2):293-6.

 

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