E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Prshniparni
  • English Name :Lagopoides
  • Scientific Name :Uraria picta

 

Habitat:

Prshniparni consists of dried whole plant of Uraria picta Desv. (Fam. Fabaceae), an erect, under shrub upto 90 cm high, distributed throughout the country.1

 

Morphology Description (Habit):

Root - Occur in pieces of varying size, thickness of 1 to 2 cm, gradually tapering, tough, woody, cylindrical; externally light yellow to buff, internally pale yellow; surface bearing fine longitudinal striations; fracture, splintery or fibrous; taste, slightly acrid.

Stem - About 8.0 to 16.0 cm long, 0.2 to 0.4 cm in diameter, in cut pieces; cylindrical, branched, pubescent, external surface light yellow to brown; transversely cut and smoothened surface shows buff-white colour, mature stem longitudinally wrinkled, leaf scar present at nodes; fracture, fibrous.

Leaf - Very variable, imparipinnate, upto 20 cm or more long, upto 2 cm wide; leaflets on the upper part of the stem 5 to 7, rigidly sub-coriaceous, linear-oblong, acute, blotched with white; glabrous above, finely reticulately veined and minutely pubescent beneath, base rounded; leaflets on the lower part of the stem 1 to 3, sub-orbicular or oblong.1

 

Parts Used:

Whole Plant

 

Phytochemistry:

 

As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Sweet, sour, pungent, bitter

           Guna (Property)           : Light

           Veerya (Potency)         : Hot

           Vipaka (End Result)    : Sweet

 

Pharmacological Actions:

Prshniparni is Tridoshahara. The herb especially pacifies aggravated vata while establishing the doshic equilibrium.

Uraria picta is one of the important constitutents among the ten herb formulation called Dashmula. Roots are aphrodisiac in nature. They are mainly used for fracture healing properties. Its decoction is useful in cough, chills and fevers. Main contents of herbal plant Uraria picta is flavonoid , steroid are known to exhibit a range of biological activities like antiinflammatory, antianxiety ,anti depressant properties due to their free radical scavenging ability.2

 

Central Nervous System:

i. Possesses strong antioxidant and anticholinesterase properties, which could be useful in the management of Alzheimer?s Disease.3

 

Urinary System: 

i. Exerts nephroprotective activity.4

 

Musculoskeletal System: 

i. Stimulates remineralization bones. In one study, it was observed that feeding of dry stem and leaves of Uraria picta enhanced bone healing in rabbits.5

 

Others: 

i. Isolflavones isolated from Prshniparni has been observed to exhibit antimicrobial activity.6

 

Indications:

Fracture, Osteoporosis

General debility

Nervine weakness

 

References:

1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, part-1, Vol-4.

2. Garg N, Garg M, Maan AS, et al. Phytochemical studies and antianxiety activity of Uraria picta Leaves. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Opinion. 2012; 2(5): 39-40.

3. Veronica O. Odubanjo, Ganiyu Oboh* and Emmanuel O. Ibukun. Antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities of aqueous extract of Uraria picta (Jacq.) DC. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 2013; 7(41): 2768-2773.

4. Kale RH, Halde UK, Biyani KR. Protective Effect of Aqueous Extract of Uraria Picta on Acetaminophen Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences. 2012; 3(1): 110-113.

5. Sunil S, Singh HN, Gangwar AK, et al. Effect of Uraria picta on bone healing in rabbits: a radiographic, angiographic and histopathological study. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery. 2011; 32(2): 107-110.

6. M. Mukhlesur Rahman, Simon Gibbons, Alexander I. Gray. Isoflavanones from Uraria picta and their antimicrobial activity. Phytochemistry. 2007; 68(12): 1692-1697.

 

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