• Name : Priyangu
  • English Name :
  • Scientific Name :Callicarpa macrophylla



Priyangu consists of dried inflorescence of Callicarpa macrophylla Yahl. (Fam. Verbenaceae); an erect, 1.2- 2.4 m high shrub, found throughout North and East India ascending to 1800 m in the West Himalayas from Kashmir to Assam, and abundant in Bengal plains.1


Morphology Description (Habit):

Inflorescence - Cymose, densely clothed with wooly hairs; 2.5-7.5 cm across, peduncle cylindrical, 1.5 - 3 mm in dia; densely hairy.

Flower - 0.5 cm long; brown, calyx, bell-shaped, 4 toothed covered with wooly hairs; corolla, brown, tubular, 4 lobbed spreading; stamens 4, equal in size, epipetalous, anther ovate, basifixed; filament very long, hairy; ovary 2-4 celled; style, long; stigma minutely capitate.1

Parts Used:

Dried inflorescence



Glycosides, Terpenes, Phenolic compound, Resin and Saponin.


As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Bitter and astringent

           Guna (Property)           : Rough

           Veerya (Potency)         : Cold

           Vipaka (End Result)     : Pungent


Pharmacological Actions:

Priyangu is Vatapittahara; the primary pharmacological actions of this cooling and soothing flower are summarized as under:


Reproductive System:

i. Useful in the management of leucorrhea and excessive bleeding during menstruation.



i. Checks excessive bleeding and discharges.





Bleeding piles



1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-2.


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