• Name : Nimbu
  • English Name :Lemon
  • Scientific Name :Citrus medica


An evergreen shrub or small tree, about 3.6 m high with short, thick and thorny branches, cultivated sparsely throughout the warm-moist regions of the country.1

Morphology Description (Habit):

Fruit-hesperidium, 5-10 cm long, ovoid, oblong or globose, nipple-shaped at the end with thick, rough or irregular or warted rind; dark green when unripe and yellow when ripe; pulp, pale yellow; taste, acidic and sweetish.1

Parts Used:            Fresh Fruit


Volatile Oil

As per Ayurveda:

Rasa (Taste)                  Sweet, sour

Guna (Property)             Light, unctuous

Veerya (Potency)           Hot

Vipaka (End Result)       Sour

Pharmacological Actions:

Bijoura Nimbu is Vatakaphahara; its primary pharmacological actions are summarized as under:

Central Nervous System: 

i. Oxidative damage, caused by the action of free radicals, may initiate and promote the progression of a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Diamante citron peel extract showed hypoglycaemic activity and an anticholinesterase effect.2

Digestive System: 

i. Helps digestion; promotes appetite.  

ii. Exerts anti-ulcerogenic effect.

Endocrinal System: 

i. Possess insulin secretagogue and exerts slimming effects, which could be very beneficial to type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.3

Cardiovascular System: 

i. C. medica alleviates myocardial damage in experimentally-induced cardiac injury and demonstrates cardioprotective potential which could be attributed to its potent antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity.4

Reproductive System: 

i. The leaves possess significant estrogenic activity.5

Skin and Hair: 

i. An important cosmetic ingredient for skin and hair care preparations; improves skin tone and texture, and efficiently combats dandruff.


i. Possesses broad antimicrobial activity.6

ii. The peel essential oil inhibits LPS-stimulated inflammation by blocking the NF-κB, JNK, and ERK pathways in macrophages, which demonstrates its anti-inflammatory properties.7

iii. Exhibits anti-allergic activity.8


 Flatulence, Indigestion

 Impaired skin tone and texture

 Dandruff

 As an adjuvant in Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes mellitus


1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-3.

2. Conforti F, Statti GA, Tundis R, et al. In vitro activities of Citrus medica L. cv. Diamante (Diamante citron) relevant to treatment of diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Phytother Res. 2007 May;21(5):427-33.

3. Peng CH, Ker YB, Weng CF, et al. Insulin secretagogue bioactivity of finger citron fruit (Citrus medica L. var. Sarcodactylis Hort, Rutaceae). J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Oct 14;57(19):8812-9. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-3.

4. Al-Yahya MA, Mothana RA, Al-Said MS, et al. Citrus medica "Otroj": Attenuates Oxidative Stress and Cardiac Dysrhythmia in Isoproterenol-Induced Cardiomyopathy in Rats. Nutrients. 2013 Oct 28;5(11):4269-83.

5. Taha S. El-Alfy, Mona H. Hetta, Nemat Z. Yassin, Rehab F. Abdel Rahman and Esraa M. Kadry. Estrogenic activity of Citrus medica L. leaves growing in Egypt. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2012; 2(8): 180-185. Sah AN, Juyal V, Melkani AB. Antimicrobial Activity of Six Different Parts of the Plant Citrus medica Linn. Pharmacognosy Journal. 2011; 3(21): 80-83.

6. Kim KN, Ko YJ, Yang HM, Ham YM, et al. Anti-inflammatory effect of essential oil and its constituents from fingered citron (Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis) through blocking JNK, ERK and NF-κB signaling pathways in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells. Food Chem Toxicol. 2013 Jul;57:126-31.

7. Huber R, Stintzing FC, Briemle D, et al. In vitro antiallergic effects of aqueous fermented preparations from Citrus and Cydonia fruits. Planta Med. 2012 Mar;78(4):334-40.

Product Range:

Abha Ayurvedic Coconut Hair Oil , Hairina Herbal Hair Vitalizer