• Name : Netrabala
  • English Name :Fragrant Sticky Mellow
  • Scientific Name :Pavonia odorata



Gandhashipha consists of the whole plant of Pavonia odorata Willd. (Fam. Malvaceae), a pubescent herb found in the plains of India.1


Morphology Description (Habit):

Root – Pale brown, well developed, with lateral roots upto 0.75 cm in thickness, length variable, no characteristic odour; taste, slightly bitter.

Stem – Green in colour, slightly hairy, variable in length and thickness; leaves intact, no characteristic odour; taste, slightly bitter.

Leaf – Petiole upto 5 cm long with prominent midrib on both surfaces; leaf 2.5 to 5 cm long, roundish cordate, 3 to 5 lobed, lobes acute, distantly toothed, hairy on both surfaces, mildly aromatic, taste bitter.1


Parts Used:

Whole Plant



β–sitosterol; palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, isovaleric and n-caproic acids; α- pinene and methyl eptenone, isovalaraldehyde, aromadendrin, azulene, pavonene, pavonenol.1


As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Bitter

           Guna (Property)           : Light, Dry

           Veerya (Potency)         : Cold

           Vipaka (End Result)      : Pungent


Pharmacological Actions:

Netrabala is Kaphahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this herb are summarized as under:


Digestive System:

i. Exhibits antidysentery activity.

ii. Possesses antihelminthic activity.2



i. The volatile oil from the aerial parts of P. odorata could be considered as a natural antioxidant effect agent.3

ii. Possesses antimicrobial activity.4

iii. Possesses cytotoxic and anticancer activity.5



Pittaja disorders

Diarrhea, dysentery



1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-6.

2. Singhai A, Singour PK, Garg G, et al. In vitro study on Pavonia odorata (roots) for antihelminthic activity. Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics. 2009; 1(2): 82-84.

3. Kashima Y, Nakaya S, Miyazawa M. Volatile composition and sensory properties of Indian herbal medicine-Pavonia odorata-used in Ayurveda. Journal of Oleo Science. 2014;63(2): 149-158.

4. Nakhare S, Garg SC. Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of pavonia odorata willd. Anc Sci Life. 1992 Jul;12(1-2):227-30.

5. V. Thamil Selvan, BB Kakoti, P Gomathi, et al. Cytotoxic and antitumor activities of Pavonia odorata against erlich’s ascites Carcinoma cells bearing mice. Pharmacologyonline 2: 453-477 (2007)


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