E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Narikel Taila
  • English Name :Coconut Oil
  • Scientific Name :Oleum cocos nucifera

 

Habitat:

Coconut Oil is obtained from dried endosperm of coconut tree - a tall palm, bearing a crown of large pinnate leaves, cultivated in coastal and deltaic regions of South India.1

 

Phytochemistry:

Coconut Oil is a renowned emollient that is being used since time-immemorial for skin as well as hair care. It is rich in fatty acids, especially lauric and myristic acids, linoleic acid, oleic acid, polyphenols, vitamin E, K and the mineral Iron.

 

As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Sweet

           Guna (Property)           : Heavy, unctuous

           Veerya (Potency)         : Cold

           Vipaka (End Result)    : Sweet

 

Pharmacological Actions:

The primary pharmacological actions of Coconut Oil are summarized as under:

 

Central Nervous System:

i. It has been observed to exert neuroprotective effect against amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide-induced nervine toxicity. Coconut oil co-treatment also attenuates Aβ-induced mitochondrial alterations. Therefore, dietary supplementation with coconut oil might protect against neurodegeneration.2

 

Digestive System: 

i. Virgin coconut oil possesses hepatoprotective activity.3

 

Cardiovascular System: 

i. Dietetic supplementation with coconut oil does not cause dyslipidemia and seems to promote a reduction in abdominal obesity.4

ii. Virgin Coconut Oil has been observed to prevent blood pressure elevation and improves endothelial functions in rats fed with repeatedly heated palm oil.5

 

Reproductive System: 

i. Coconut oil (CO) is also rich in fatty acids, mainly lauric and myristic acids; these acids help inhibit prostate 5a-reductase implicated in BPH. In a scientific research, it was observed that coconut oil reduced the increase of both prostatic weight and prostatic weight: body weight ratio, markers of testosterone-induced prostatic hyperplasia in rats.6

 

Musculoskeletal System: 

i. VCO has been observed to prevent lipid peroxidation and increase the antioxidant enzymes in the osteoporotic rat model.7

ii. VCO possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic properties.8

 

Skin and Hair: 

i. It is extremely soothing, healing and nourishing in nature and efficiently protects the natural moisture and radiance of skin and hair.

ii. Coconut Oil is an excellent hair growth-promoter, conditioner and scalp nourisher.

iii. Exhibits anti-skin-aging activity; Coconut Oil is a potent antioxidant and free radical scavenger that significantly maintains Skin’s Elasticity and effectively delays the onset of signs of Skin Aging, such as wrinkles and skin sagging.

iv. Efficiently prevents dryness, itching and burning sensation in skin9 as well as the scalp.

v. Heals10 and Protects the Skin against damaging effects of UV radiations.11

vi. Naturally brightens the Skin while improving Skin Texture.

vii. Protects the hair against damage; it reduces the protein loss remarkably for both undamaged and damaged hair when used as a pre-wash and post-wash grooming product. Being a triglyceride of lauric acid, a principal fatty acid, it has high affinity for hair proteins and because of its low molecular weight and straight linear chain, this hair rejuvenator efficiently penetrates inside the hair shaft.12

viii. Coconut oil should be used in the treatment of fungal infections in view of emerging drug-resistant Candida species.13

ix. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin disease characterized by defects in the epidermal barrier function and cutaneous inflammation, in which transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is increased and the ability of the stratum corneum to hold water is impaired, causing decreased skin capacitance and hydration. The effect of topical application of VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil) for eight weeks was observed to be superior to that of mineral oil based on clinical (SCORAD - SCORing of Atopic Dermatitis) and instrumental (TEWL, skin capacitance) assessments.14

x. Lauric Acid, a natural compound that is the main acid in coconut oil, exhibits strong bactericidal activity against P. acnes.15

 

Others: 

i. VCO has a beneficial role in improving antioxidant status and hence preventing lipid and protein oxidation.16

 

Indications:

Dry and Itching Skin

Dull and Lustreless Hair

Excessive Falling of Hair

Damaged Hair and Split Ends

As an adjuvant in Psoriasis and other skin conditions, associated with excessive dryness and flakiness.

Virgin Coconut Oil is suitable for internal usage as a cooking medium.

 

References:

1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-3.

2. Nafar F, Mearow KM. Coconut oil attenuates the effects of amyloid-β on cortical neurons in vitro. J Alzheimers Dis. 2014;39(2):233-7.

3. Otuechere CA, Madarikan G, Simisola T, et al. Virgin coconut oil protects against liver damage in albino rats challenged with the anti-folate combination, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 2014 May 1;25(2):249-53.

4. Assun??o ML, Ferreira HS, dos Santos AF, et al. Effects of dietary coconut oil on the biochemical and anthropometric profiles of women presenting abdominal obesity. Lipids. 2009 Jul;44(7):593-601.

5. Nurul-Iman BS, Kamisah Y, Jaarin K, Qodriyah HM. Virgin coconut oil prevents blood pressure elevation and improves endothelial functions in rats fed with repeatedly heated palm oil. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:629329.

6. de Lourdes Arruzazabala M, Molina V, M?s R, et al. Effects of coconut oil on testosterone-induced prostatic hyperplasia in Sprague-Dawley rats. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2007 Jul;59(7):995-9.

7. Abujazia MA, Muhammad N, Shuid AN, Soelaiman IN. The effects of virgin coconut oil on bone oxidative status in ovariectomised rat. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:525079.

8. Intahphuak S, Khonsung P, Panthong A. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activities of virgin coconut oil. Pharm Biol. 2010 Feb;48(2):151-7.

9. Verallo-Rowell VM, Dillague KM, Syah-Tjundawan BS. Novel antibacterial and emollient effects of coconut and virgin olive oils in adult atopic dermatitis. Dermatitis. 2008;19(6):308-15.

10. Nevin KG, Rajamohan T. Effect of topical application of virgin coconut oil on skin components and antioxidant status during dermal wound healing in young rats. Skin Pharmacology & Physiology. 2010; 23(6): 290-7.

11. Kaur CD, Saraf S. In vitro sun protection factor determination of herbal oils used in cosmetics. Pharmacognosy Research. 2010; 2:22-5.

12. Rele AS, Mohile RB. Effect of mineral oil, sunflower oil and coconut oil on prevention of Hair Damage. Journal of Cosmetic Science. 2003; 54(2): 175-192.

13. Ogbolu DO, Oni AA, Daini OA, Oloko AP. In vitro antimicrobial properties of coconut oil on Candida species in Ibadan, Nigeria. J Med Food. 2007 Jun;10(2):384-7.

14. Evangelista MT, Abad-Casintahan F, Lopez-Villafuerte L. The effect of topical virgin coconut oil on SCORAD index, transepidermal water loss, and skin capacitance in mild to moderate pediatric atopic dermatitis: a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. Int J Dermatol. 2014 Jan;53(1):100-8.

15. Yang D, Pornpattananangkul D, Nakatsuji T, et al. The antimicrobial activity of liposomal lauric acids against Propionibacterium acnes. Biomaterials. 2009 Oct;30(30):6035-40.

16. Arunima S, Rajamohan T. Effect of virgin coconut oil enriched diet on the antioxidant status and paraoxonase 1 activity in ameliorating the oxidative stress in rats - a comparative study. Food Funct. 2013 Sep;4(9):1402-9.

 

Product Range:

Abha Ayurvedic Coconut Hair Oil , Borovea Antibacterial Soap , Fairina Herbal Fairness Cream ,

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