• Name : Mudgaparni
  • English Name :Wild Bean
  • Scientific Name :Phaseolus trilobus



This creeper is native to America. It is found throughout tropical and warm temperate regions of the world.


Morphology Description (Habit):

Primarily a regenerating annual (occasionally perennial) herb, with (often) reddish, glabrous or rarely pubescent stems, prostrate, trailing (rarely weakly twining) to c. 50 cm. Leaves trifoliolate, on petioles 1-11 cm long, with leaflets ovate in outline, 0.8-4.5 cm long, 0.6-4 cm wide; glabrous to sub-glabrous, usually shiny; margins entire to deeply lobed (lobes distinctly widened above and oblong obtuse or subacute); stipules peltate, sometimes spurred, ovate, 4-15 mm long. Inflorescence a few-flowered raceme, withpeduncle 2-22.5 cm long; pedicels 1-2.5 mm long; calyx 2.5 mm long, glabrous, teeth minute; corolla yellow, 5-7 mm long. Pods cylindrical, 1.5-5 cm long, 2.5-3 mm wide,glabrous to sparingly pubescent with short adpressed hairs, black when ripe; 6-12-seeds/pod ; 80,000-130,000 seeds/kg.1


Parts Used:

Fruit, Whole Plant



A wide range of active components including flavonoids, isoflavonoids, tannins, stigmasterol, vitamin K, vitamin C and proteins have been isolated from the different parts of the plant.2

Chemical examination of the stems of the plant were found to consist of five sugars viz D-glucose, D-xylose , D-galactose, L-rhamnose and D- arabinose along with five amino acids β- Alanine, Alanine, Lucine, γ- Aminobutyric acid and Valine.3


Pharmacological Actions:

It is widely used in ayurvedic system of medicine to treat jaundice, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids, dyspepsia, sedative, coolant, anthelmintic and good for eyes. The plant is reported to possess beneficial effects as a tonic, diuretic, hepatoprotective, antioxidant and antimicrobial. It is also found to induce defence mechanisms against the exposure of UV-B radiations.2


Digestive System:

i. Phaseolus trilobus posses hepatoprotective property and is effective in oxidative stress induced cholestatic hepatic injury.4


Endocrinal System: 

i. The root extract possesses significant antidiabetic properties.5



i. Possesses significant antioxidant activity.6



Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

General health



1. http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/Vigna_trilobata.htm

2. Kaur N., Rashmi, Y.C. Tripathi. Phytochemical and pharmacological attributes of Phaseolus trilobus ? A major herbal ingredient of Pharma products. Univerities?Journal of Phytochemistry and Ayurvedic Heights. 2012; 1(12):58-63.

3. Yadava RN, Yadav P. Chemical examination of the stems of Phaseolus trilobus Ait. Journal of Current Chemical & Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012; 2(4): 291-293.

4. Fursule RA1, Patil SD. Hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of Phaseolus trilobus, Ait on bile duct ligation induced liver fibrosis in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Jun 16;129(3):416-9.

5. Navpreet Kaur, Rashmi, Y.C. Tripathi, Lokesh Upadhyay. Phytochemical and Antidiabetic Evaluation of Phaseolus trilobus Roots. Journal of Pharmacy Research. 2012; 5(11):5202-5205.

6. Kaur N, Kishore L. Antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of Phaseolus trilobus root powder. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012; 4(1): 271 ? 275.


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