• Name : Masaparni
  • English Name :Horse Vine
  • Scientific Name :Teramnus labialis



Found throughout the country.1


Morphological Description (Habit):

Mashaparni consists of dried whole plant of Teramnus labialis is a very variable climbing or spreading hairy herb.1

Root - Tap root with lateral roots occurs in cylindrical, branched pieces, 3-5 cm long, and up to 1cm in dia., light brown to dark brown, with longitudinal and transverse cracks; lateral roots thin, smooth, moderately woody; fracture, laminated and short.

Stem - Cut pieces 5-8 cm long, up to 0.8 cm in diameter, somewhat twisted and branched, or cylindrical, slender, rough due to cracks and longitudinal ridges and furrows, brownish grey; fracture, short and fibrous.

Leaf - Trifoliate, leaflet ovate-oblong, 6-12 cm long, base round or acute, light brownish-yellow.

Flower - Lax axillary racemes, 5-15 cm long, flowers red, pink, purple or white, slender, more or less hairy rachis.

Fruit - Pod up to 5 cm long, straight or sometimes slightly recurved, brownish-black to dark brown, having 6-8 or 12 seeds.

Seed - Oblong, cylindrical, slightly rounded at the ends; 2-3 mm long up to 2 mm in dia.; dark brown.


Parts Used:

Whole Plant





As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Sweet, Bitter

           Guna (Property)           : Light, rough

           Veerya (Potency)         : Cold

           Vipaka (End Result)    : Sweet


Pharmacological Actions:

Mashaparni is Vatapittahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this herb are summarized as under:


Endocrinal System: 

i. Exhibits antihyperglycemic activity.2



i. Vitexin, bergenin, daidzin and 3-O-methyl-D- chiro -inositol ? the active constituents present in Mashaparni exhibit antioxidant activity. Vitexin exhibits a dose-dependent inhibitory activity on 5-lipoxygenase enzyme.3

ii. The herb has been reported to be useful in treating rheumatism, tuberculosis, nerve disorders, paralysis and catarrhs.3

iii. Possesses immunostimulant activity.

iv. It is a significant source of natural antioxidant, which might be helpful in preventing the progress of various oxidative stresses.4



Lowered immunity

General weakness



1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-3.

2. Fort DM, Rao K, Jolad SD, et al. Antihyperglycemic activity of Teramnus labialis (Fabaceae). Phytomedicine. 2000 Jan;6(6):465-7.

3. Sridhar C, Krishnaraju A V, Subbaraju G V. Antiinflammatory constituents of teramnus labialis. Indian J Pharm Sci 2006;68:111-4.

4. G. Alagumanivasagam, A.Kottai Muthu, R. Manavalan. In vivo Antioxidant and Lipid Peroxidation Effect of Methanolic Extract of whole plant of Teramnus labialis (Linn.) in Rat fed with high Fat Diet. International Journal of PharmTech Research. 2012; 4(3): 1233-1237.


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