• Name : Katsaraiya-Vajradanti
  • English Name :
  • Scientific Name :Barleria prionitis



Sahachar consists of dried whole plant of Barleria prionitis Linn.(Fam. Acanthaceae); a bushy, prickly undershrub, 0.6-1.5 m high, found throughout hotter parts of the country and also cultivated as a hedge plant.1


Morphological Description:

Root - Well developed, upto 1 cm thick at the top, cylindrical and tapering, bearing lateral branches and numerous rootlets; surface rough due to numerous dot-like lenticels and root scars of fallen roots; external surface greyish-brown, bark thin with smooth internal surface; wood cream coloured; fracture, hard and laminated; odour and taste not characteristic.


Stem - Erect, 1-8 mm thick, terete, hard, glabrous, nodes swollen, branching at nodes, young stem grey, slightly four angled, usually with 3-4 divaricate spines at axil of leaf; mature stem cylindrical with longitudinally arranged or scattered dot-like lenticels; externally greyish to light brown; a few mature stem slightly hollow.


Leaf - Dorsiventral, variable in size, 6-9.5 cm long, 2.5 - 3.5 cm wide, simple, elliptic, acuminate, entire, acute, reticulate, unicostate, glabrous above, glabrous or pubescent beneath; petiole short.


Flower - Sessile, often solitary in the lower axils becoming spicate above; bracts foliaceous, 16 by 4.5 mm, oblong or lanceolate, acute, bristle-tipped, nearly glabrous; bracteoles 1.3 cm long, narrowly linear, subulate (almost spinous), bristle-tipped; calyx, divided almost to the base, one of the outer sepals rather more than 1.3 cm long, the opposite sepal rather less than 1.3 cm long, 3.4 mm broad, both oblong-lanceolate, mucronate; the 2 inner sepals 1.5 mm wide and as long as the shorter of the outer ones, linear lanceolate, mucronate; corona, 3.2-4.5 cm long, yellow, slightly pubescent outside, glabrous inside, somewhat 2 lipped; upper lip 2 cm long or more, deeply 4 lobed, the lobes oblong-obovate, round; lower lip oblong-obovate, round, entire; tube 1.9 - 2.2 cm long; stamens 2 fertile and 2 staminodes; filaments of the fertile stamens exserted beyond the corona tube, those of the staminode very short; ovary superior of two fused carpels; style, simple, usually long with two stigma.


Fruit - Capsules, 2-2.5 cm long, ovoid with a long tapering solid beak; 2 seeded.


Seed- Compressed, 0.8 cm in diameter and clothed with silky appressed hairs.1


Parts Used:

Cold Pressed Oil from Almond seeds.



Rich in proteins, vitamin E and B.


Pharmacological Actions:

The primary pharmacological actions of this cooling and nourishing oil are summarized as under:


Central Nervous System:

i. Improves memory


Cardiovascular System: 

i. Raises the level of HDL (good cholesterol) and decreases LDL and VLDL (bad cholesterol).

ii. Promotes the health of blood vessels.


Musculoskeletal System: 

i. Almond Oil massage mitigates muscle fatigue and spasm.


Skin and Hair: 

i. Almond oil has emollient and sclerosant properties and, therefore, has been used to improve complexion and skin tone.1

ii. Topical almond oil is capable of preventing the structural damage caused by UV irradiation and it was also found useful in decelerating the photoaging process.2

iii. Enhances skin permeability of other actives.3

iv. Massaging almond oil during pregnancy reduces the development of Striae gravidarum.4

v. Promotes circulation and enhances skin and scalp health.

vi. Moisturizes and nourishes the skin.



Dry skin

Tanned skin

Damaged hair

General health



1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-3.

2. A.K. Maji, S. Bhadra, et al. Mast Cell Stabilization and Membrane Protection Activity ofBarleria prionitis L. Pharmacognosy Journal. 2011; 3(24): 67?71

3. Singh B, Chandan BK, Prabhakar A, et al. Chemistry and hepatoprotective activity of an active fraction from Barleria prionitis Linn. in experimental animals. Phytother Res. 2005 May;19(5):391-404.

4. Dheer R, Bhatnagar P. A study of the antidiabetic activity of Barleria prionitisLinn. Indian J Pharmacol. 2010 Apr;42(2):70-3.

5. Kamal Rai Aneja, Radhika Joshi, Chetan Sharma. Potency of Barleria prionitis L. bark extracts against oral diseases causing strains of bacteria and fungi of clinical origin. New York Science Journal. 2010; 3(11).

6. Ghule BV, Yeole PG. In vitro and in vivo immunomodulatory activities of iridoids fraction from Barleria prionitis Linn. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 May 7;141(1):424-31.


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