E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Kasni
  • English Name :Chicory
  • Scientific Name :Cichorium intybus

Habitat:

Kasni is cultivated in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Hyderabad.1

It lives as a wild plant on roadsides in its native Europe, and in North America and Australia, where it has become naturalized.2

Morphology Description:

A somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink. When flowering, chicory has a tough, grooved, and more or less hairy stem, from 30 to 100 centimetres (10 to 40 in) tall. The leaves are stalked, lanceolate and unlobed. The flower heads are 2 to 4 centimetres (0.79 to 1.6 in) wide, and usually bright blue, rarely white or pink. There are two rows of involucral bracts; the inner are longer and erect, the outer are shorter and spreading. It flowers from July until October. The achenes have no pappus (feathery hairs), but do have toothed scales on top.2

Parts Used:            Seed, Root, Leaf

Pharmacological Actions:

The primary pharmacological actions of Kasni are summarized as under:

Digestive System: 

i. Cichorium intybus leaf extract holds hepatoprotective activity against acetaminophen induced liver damage.3

ii. The red part of the leaf of Treviso red chicory with a high content of antioxidant anthocyanins could be interesting for development of new food supplements to improve intestinal health. 4

Endocrinal System: 

i. Natural chicoric acid extract (NCRAE) presents an antihyperglycemic effect essentially due to a peripheral effect on muscle glucose uptake.5

ii. Chicory appeared to have short-term (about 2 hours, as far as GTT is concerned) and long-term (28 days, in this study) effects on diabetes. Chicory may be useful as a natural dietary supplement for slowing down the pace of diabetes progress, and delaying the development of its complications. 6

iii. The activities possessed by C. intybus are highly desirable for the treatment of NIDDM because it reduces blood glucose levels without inducing adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 7

Cardiovascular System: 

i. The water extract of Cichorium intybus has been observed to exhibit a remarkable antioxidative effect on LDL, and inhibitory effects on the production of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance and the Degradation of fatty acids in LDL. 8

Others: 

i. Exhibits antibacterial and antifungal activities.

Indications:

 Liver dysfunction

 Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

References:

1. Bhav Prakash Nighnatu

2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicory

3. Butt K, Yunas S, Sheikh RM. Hepatoprotective Effect of Cichorium intybus on Paracetamol Induced Liver Damage in Albino Rats. Libyan Agriculture Research Center Journal International 3 (2): 60-63, 2012.

4. D'evoli L, Morroni F, Lombardi-Boccia G, et al. Red chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cultivar) as a potential source of antioxidant anthocyanins for intestinal health. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2013;2013:704310.

5. Jacqueline Azay-Milhau, Karine Ferrare, Jeremy Leroy, et al. Antihyperglycemic effect of a natural chicoric acid extract of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.): A comparative in vitro study with the effects of caffeic and ferulic acids. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2013; 150(2): 755-760.

6. Ghamarian A, Abdollahi M, Su X, Amiri A, Ahadi A, Nowrouzi A. Effect of chicory seed extract on glucose tolerance test (GTT) and metabolic profile in early and late stage diabetic rats. Daru. 2012 Oct 15;20(1):56.

7. Muthusamy VS, Anand S, Sangeetha KN, et al. Tannins present in Cichorium intybus enhance glucose uptake and inhibit adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes through PTP1B inhibition. Chem Biol Interact. 2008 Jul 10;174(1):69-78.

8. Kim TW, Yang KS. Antioxidative effects of cichorium intybus root extract on LDL (low density lipoprotein) oxidation. Arch Pharm Res. 2001 Oct;24(5):431-6.

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