E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Karpas
  • English Name :Cotton Plant
  • Scientific Name :Gossypium herbaceum

 

Habitat:

An annual or perennial shrub, 0.6-2.4m high, extensively cultivated in India.1

 

Morphology Description (Habit):

G. herbaceum has high stems that grow 2 feet (0.61 m) to 6 feet (1.8 m) high with wide, hairy leaves. Their flowers are small and yellow with a purple center. When ripe and in warm weather, the flower capsule will burst and expose the cotton surrounding the seeds firmly. The cotton produced by this plant is short, about 2 inches (5.1 cm) long and is firmly attached to the seed, which is covered in hairy down. Anacre of cotton can be expected to produce about 300 pounds (140 kg).2

 

Parts Used:

Root, Seed

 

Phytochemistry:

The phytochemical screening of Gossypium herbaceumrevealed the presence of flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids, carbohydrates, tannins and phenolic compounds.3

 

Pharmacological Actions:

The primary pharmacological actions of this herb are summarized as under:

 

Digestive System:

i. The flowers increase healing of gastric ulcer and possess potential antiulcer activity.4

 

Endocrinal System: 

i. Exhibits antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activity.3

 

Reproductive System: 

i. This herb (seeds) is efficacious, safe and cost effective in augmenting lactation in perceived insufficient milk (PIM) supply.5

ii. The roots possess anti-fertility activity.

 

Skin and Hair: 

i. Oral administration of leaf extract has been observed to augment healing of wounds.6

 

Others: 

i. Possesses potent antioxidant activity.

 

Indications:

Roots – Oligomenorrhea

Seeds – Lactational Insufficiency

 

References:

1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-I.

2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gossypium_herbaceum

3. http://www.pharmatutor.org/articles/anti-diabetic-activity-gossypium-herbaceum-by-alloxan-induced-model-in-rats?page=0,1

4. Khalid MS, Hasan SK, Suresh DK, et al. Antiulcer activity of ethanolic extract of Gossypium harbaceum flowers. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2011; 1(1): 79-84.

5. S. Manjula, Arshiya Sultana, Khaleequr Rahman. Clinical efficacy of Gossypium herbaceum L. seeds in perceived insufficient milk (PIM) supply: A randomized single-blind placebo-controlled study. Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine. 2014; 14(1): 77-85.

6. Velmurugan C, Venkatesh S, Sandhya K, et al. Wound healing activity of methanolic extract of leaves of Gossypium herbaceum. Central European Journal of Experimental Biology. 2012; 1 (1):7-10

 

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