E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Gajar Beej
  • English Name :Carrot Seed
  • Scientific Name :Dauccus carota

 

Habitat:

The herb is native to Europe and Southwest Asia. Carrot is cultivated all through.

 

Morphology Description (Habit):

The herb carrot grows between 1 and 2 feet tall, roughly hairy, with a stiff solid stem. The leaves are tri-pinnate, finely divided and lacy, overall triangular in shape. The flowers are small and dull white, clustered in flat, dense umbels. They may be pink in bud and there may be a reddish flower in the centre of the umbel. The lower bracts are three-forked or pinnate, a fact which distinguishes the plant from other white-flowered umbellifers. As the seeds develop, the umbel curls up at the edges, becomes more congested, and develops a concave surface. The fruits are oval and flattened, with short styles and hooked spines.1

 

Parts Used:

Root, Seeds, Essential Oil

 

Phytochemistry:

Essential Oil, Carotenoids

 

Pharmacological Actions:

The primary pharmacological actions of Carrot are summarized as under:

 

Digestive System:

i. Reduction the oxidative stress and protection the liver.2

 

Cardiovascular System: 

i. It is useful in the management of hypertension.3

 

Reproductive System: 

i. Seeds are emmenagogue in action; they are useful in oligomenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and irregular menstruation.

 

Urinary System: 

i. The root extract has been observed to improve kidney functions.4

 

Musculoskeletal System: 

i. Carrot possesses significant anti-inflammatory activity.

 

Skin and Hair: 

i. The essential oil helps improve skin tone and texture.

ii. The oil possesses antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, which enhances the health of skin and scalp.

 

Others: 

i. Carrot with enriched levels of phenolics and β-carotene may be efficient in the prevention of skin cancer as evidenced by in vitro and in vivo.5

ii. Possesses both antioxidant and promising anticancer activities.6

iii. Carrots may be an excellent source of bioactive chemicals for the treatment of leukemia.7

iv. Topical application of Daucus carota seed extract helps lower intraocular pressure.8

v. Carotenoids are considered to act as antioxidants and protect humans from serious disorders such as skin degeneration and ageing, cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer, and age-related diseases of the eye.9

 

Indications:

Seeds - Oligomenorrhea

Essential Oil - Skin and Scalp health

Root - General health, Eye health

 

References:

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daucus_carota

2. Singh K, Singh N, Chandy A, Manigauha A. In vivo antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extracts of Daucus carota seeds in experimental animals. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2012 May;2(5):385-8.

3. Gilani AH, Shaheen E, Saeed SA, et al. Hypotensive action of coumarin glycosides from Daucus carota. Phytomedicine. 2000 Oct;7(5):423-6.

4. Afzal M, Kazmi I, Kaur R, et al. Comparison of protective and curative potential of Daucus carota root extract on renal ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. Pharm Biol. 2013 Jul;51(7):856-62.

5. Natarajamurthy SH, Dharmesh SM. Protective effect of Daucus carota against UV-DMBA induced skin cancer in mice. Chem Biol Interact. 2014 May 5;219C:48-56.

6. Shebaby WN, El-Sibai M, Smith KB, et al. The antioxidant and anticancer effects of wild carrot oil extract. Phytother Res. 2013 May;27(5):737-44.

7. Zaini R, Clench MR, Le Maitre CL. Bioactive chemicals from carrot (Daucus carota) juice extracts for the treatment of leukemia. J Med Food. 2011 Nov;14(11):1303-12.

8. Agarwal R, Gupta SK, Srivastava S, et al. Lowering of intraocular pressure by topical application of Daucus carota seed extract in rabbits. Indian J Exp Biol. 2008 Jul;46(7):541-6.

9. Yoon KD, Kang SN, Bae JY, et al. Enhanced antioxidant and protective activities on retinal ganglion cells of carotenoids-overexpressing transgenic carrot. Curr Drug Targets. 2013 Aug;14(9):999-1005.

 

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