• Name : Dill
  • English Name :Shatapushpa, Shatahwa
  • Scientific Name :Peucedanum graveolens,Anethum graveolens


An annual or perennial herb that is cultivated throughout India, chiefly for culinary purposes.

Morphology Description:

Anethum grows up to 90 cm tall, with slender stems and alternate leaves finally divided three or four times into pinnate sections slightly broader than similar leaves of fennel. The yellow flower develops into umbels.[6] The seeds are not true seeds. They are the halves of very small, dry fruits called schizocarps. Dill fruits are oval, compressed, winged about one-tenth inch wide, with three longitudinal ridges on the back and three dark lines or oil cells (vittae) between them and two on the flat surface. The taste of the fruits somewhat resembles caraway. The seeds are smaller, flatter and lighter than caraway and have a pleasant aromatic odor.1

Parts Used:            Seed, Leaf, Herb / Seed


There are various volatile components of dill seeds and herb; carvone being the predominant odorant of dill seed and α-phellandrene, limonene, dill ether, myristicin are the most important odorants of dill herb. Other compounds isolated from seeds are coumarins, flavonoids, phenolic acids and steroids.1

Rasa                Pungent, Bitter

Guna                Light, Sharp,Unctuous

Veerya              Hot

Vipaka              Pungent

Dosha              Vatakaphahara

Pharmacological Actions:

Anethum is used as an ingredient in gripe water, given to relieve colic pain in babies and flatulence in young children. The Ayurvedic uses of dill seeds are carminative, stomachic and diuretic.1 The primary pharmacological actions of Dill are summarized as under:

Digestive System: 

i. Extremely useful as a carminative herb.

Cardiovascular System: 

i. Anethum graveolens has significant lipid lowering effects and is a promising cardioprotective agent.2

Reproductive System: 

i. Dill can be used either as a regulatory agent of the menstrual cycle for women with irregular cycles or as an antifertility agent.3

ii. The extract enhances the aphrodisiac activity and is not harmful to sperm and male reproductive organs.4

Musculoskeletal System: 

i. The herb is rich in Calcium; it is useful in prevention and management of osteoporosis.


i. Exhibits significant antimycobacterial activity.5

ii. Exerts antibacterial activity.6


 Indigestion

 Osteoporosis


1. Jana S, Shekhawat GS. Anethum graveolens: An Indian Traditional Medicinal Herb and Spice. Pharmacogn Rev. 2010 Jul-Dec; 4(8): 179?184.

2. Hajhashemi V, Abbasi N. Hypolipidemic activity of Anethum graveolens in rats. Phytother Res. 2008 Mar;22(3):372-5.

3. Monsefi M, Ghasemi M, Bahaoddini A. The effects of Anethum graveolens L. on female reproductive system. Phytother Res. 2006 Oct;20(10):865-8.

4. Iamsaard S, Prabsattroo T, Sukhorum W, et al. Anethum graveolens Linn. (dill) extract enhances the mounting frequency and level of testicular tyrosine protein phosphorylation in rats. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2013 Mar;14(3):247-52.

5. Stavri M, Gibbons S. The antimycobacterial constituents of dill (Anethum graveolens). Phytother Res. 2005 Nov;19(11):938-41.

6. Kaur GJ, Arora DS. Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2009 Aug 6;9:30.

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Calcicor Syrup