E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Dantimool
  • English Name :Wild Croton
  • Scientific Name :Baliospermum montanum

 

Habitat:

Danti consists of dried root of Baliospermum mantanum; a leafy undershrub, distributed in outer range of Himalayas from Kashmir to Assam and in moist deciduous forests elsewhere in India.1

 

Morphology Description (Habit):

Root pieces almost cylindrical, straight or ribbed with secondary and tertiary roots, 0.2-1 cm thick and up to 10 cm or more in length, tapering at one end, tough, externally brown; surface, rough due to longitudinal striations, transverse cracks and scars of rootlets; internally cream-coloured; transversely smoothened root shows thin, brown bark and yellowish-white central core; taste, bitter.1

 

Parts Used:

Roots

 

Phytochemistry:

β-sitosterol and Triterpenoids, Resinous Glycosides, Phorbol Esters.1

 

As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Pungent

           Guna (Property)           : Light, Sharp

           Veerya (Potency)         : Hot

           Vipaka (End Result)      : Pungent

 

Pharmacological Actions:

The plant is documented to possess beneficial effects as digestive, anthelmintic, diuretic, diaphoretic, rubefacient, febrifuge and tonic. It believed to be useful in asthma, bronchitis, leprosy, jaundice, wounds, constipation, anemia, leucoderma and fever.2

Dantimool is Kaphahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this herb are summarized as under:

 

Digestive System:

i. Exhibits significant anti-helminthic activity.3

ii. Possesses hepatoprotective activity.4

iii. Useful in acute and chronic constipation.

 

Others: 

i. Possesses analgesic activity.5

ii. Stimulates cell-mediated immune system by increasing neutrophil function.6

iii. Useful in the management of allergic disorders.7

iv. Exhibits antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and is useful in muscle pain and inflammation-related diseases.8

 

Indications:

Constipation

Intestinal worms

Musculoskeletal inflammations

 

References:

1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-3.

2. Mali RG, Wadekar RR. Baliospermum montanum (Danti): Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology ? A review. Int J Green Pharm. 2008; 2:194-9.

3. Mali RG, Wadekar RR. In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Baliospermum montanum Muell. Arg roots. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2008 Jan;70(1):131-3.

4. Wadekar RR, Supale RS, Tewari KM, Jalapure SS. Baliospermum montanum for hepatoprotective activity against paracetamol induced liver damage in albino rats. Int J Green Pharm. 2008; 2:220-3.

5. Nayak S, Sahai A, Singhai AK. Analgesic activity of the roots of baliospormum montanum linn. Anc Sci Life. 2003 Oct;23(2):108-13.

6. Patil KS, Jalalpure SS, Wadekar RR. Effect of Baliospermum montanum Root Extract on Phagocytosis by Human Neutrophils. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009 Jan;71(1):68-71.

7. Venkatesh P, Mukherjee PK, Mukherjee D, et al. Potential of Baliospermum montanum against compound 48/80-induced systemic anaphylaxis. Pharm Biol. 2010 Nov;48(11):1213-7.

8. Kakatum N, Jaiarree N, Makchucit S, Itharat A. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Thai medicinal plants in Sahasthara remedy for muscle pain treatment. J Med Assoc Thai. 2012 Jan;95 Suppl 1:S120-6.

 

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