• Name : Baboola
  • English Name :Indian Gum Arabic Tree
  • Scientific Name :Acacia arabica



The tree grows throughout the dry regions of India.


Morphology Description (Habit):

The tree is 5-20 m tall with dark coloured stems and fissured bark. It exudes a reddish gum. The leaves are bipinnate, flowers are golden-yellow in color and the pods are constricted, hairy and whitish-grey in colour.


Parts Used:

Stem Bark



Its main components include tannins and gum. Quercetin, gallic acid, (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, (-)-dicatechin and (+)-leucocyanidin gallate have been isolated from its extract.


As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Astringent

           Guna (Property)           : Heavy, rough and clear

           Veerya (Potency)         : Cold

           Vipaka (End Result)      : Pungent


Pharmacological Actions:

As per Ayurveda, Baboola is Kaphapittahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this therapeutic tree are summarized as under:


Periodontal Health : 

i. Possesses significant anti-plaque1 and anticaries activities.

ii. Efficiently inhibits gingivitis and is extremely recommended for routine oral care.2

iii. Effectively combats periodontal pathogens.


Digestive System: 

i. Potent antioxidant and hepatoprotective.3, 4


Endocrinal System : 

i. Exerts significant antidiabetic activity.5, 6


Cardiovascular System: 

i. Helps lower cholesterol and triglycerides as well.5, 6


Others : 

i. Excellent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities.



For maintenance of oro-dental hygiene

Protection against dental plaques, caries and bad breath

Inflamed, Spongy and bleeding gums (Gingivitis)



1. Pradeep AR, Agarwal E, Bajaj P, et al. Clinical and microbiologic effects of commercially available gel and powder containing Acacia arabica on gingivitis. Australian Dental Journal. 2012 Sep;57(3):312-8.

2. Tangade PS, Mathur A, Tirth A, Kabasi S. Anti-gingivitis effects of Acacia arabica-containing toothpaste. The Chinese Journal of Dental Research. 2012;15(1):49-53.

3. Sundaram R, Mitra SK. Antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Acacia Arabica bark in rats. Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 2007; 39(1): 33-38.

4. Rajvaidhya S. Hepatoprotective activity of Argimone mexicana and Acacia arabica on different experimental models of liver disorders. Journal of Pharmacy Research. 2012; 5(8).

5. Yasir M, Jain P, et al. Hypoglycaemic and antihyperglycaemic effect of different extracts of Acacia arabica lamk bark in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats. 2010; 2(2)

6. Patil RN, Patil RY, Ahirwar B, Ahirwar D. Evaluation of antidiabetic and related actions of some Indian medicinal plants in diabetic rats. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011 Jan;4(1):20-3.

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