E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Baboola
  • English Name :Indian Gum Arabic Tree
  • Scientific Name :Acacia arabica

 

Habitat:

The tree grows throughout the dry regions of India.

 

Morphology Description (Habit):

The tree is 5-20 m tall with dark coloured stems and fissured bark. It exudes a reddish gum. The leaves are bipinnate, flowers are golden-yellow in color and the pods are constricted, hairy and whitish-grey in colour.

 

Parts Used:

Stem Bark

 

Phytochemistry:

Its main components include tannins and gum. Quercetin, gallic acid, (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, (-)-dicatechin and (+)-leucocyanidin gallate have been isolated from its extract.

 

As per Ayurveda:

           Rasa (Taste)                 : Astringent

           Guna (Property)           : Heavy, rough and clear

           Veerya (Potency)         : Cold

           Vipaka (End Result)      : Pungent

 

Pharmacological Actions:

As per Ayurveda, Baboola is Kaphapittahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this therapeutic tree are summarized as under:

 

Periodontal Health : 

i. Possesses significant anti-plaque1 and anticaries activities.

ii. Efficiently inhibits gingivitis and is extremely recommended for routine oral care.2

iii. Effectively combats periodontal pathogens.

 

Digestive System: 

i. Potent antioxidant and hepatoprotective.3, 4

 

Endocrinal System : 

i. Exerts significant antidiabetic activity.5, 6

 

Cardiovascular System: 

i. Helps lower cholesterol and triglycerides as well.5, 6

 

Others : 

i. Excellent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities.

 

Indications:

For maintenance of oro-dental hygiene

Protection against dental plaques, caries and bad breath

Inflamed, Spongy and bleeding gums (Gingivitis)

 

References:

1. Pradeep AR, Agarwal E, Bajaj P, et al. Clinical and microbiologic effects of commercially available gel and powder containing Acacia arabica on gingivitis. Australian Dental Journal. 2012 Sep;57(3):312-8.

2. Tangade PS, Mathur A, Tirth A, Kabasi S. Anti-gingivitis effects of Acacia arabica-containing toothpaste. The Chinese Journal of Dental Research. 2012;15(1):49-53.

3. Sundaram R, Mitra SK. Antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Acacia Arabica bark in rats. Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 2007; 39(1): 33-38.

4. Rajvaidhya S. Hepatoprotective activity of Argimone mexicana and Acacia arabica on different experimental models of liver disorders. Journal of Pharmacy Research. 2012; 5(8).

5. Yasir M, Jain P, et al. Hypoglycaemic and antihyperglycaemic effect of different extracts of Acacia arabica lamk bark in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats. 2010; 2(2)

6. Patil RN, Patil RY, Ahirwar B, Ahirwar D. Evaluation of antidiabetic and related actions of some Indian medicinal plants in diabetic rats. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011 Jan;4(1):20-3.

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