E-HERBARIA

  • Name : Arshoghna Jandala
  • English Name :Elephant Foot Yam
  • Scientific Name :Amorphophallus campanulatus

Habitat:

Suranakanda consists of dried corm of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume. (Fam. Araceae); a stout, herbaceous plant, cultivated throughout the plains of the country.1

Morphology Description :

Drug occurs as cut pieces of different shapes and sizes; external surface of cork blackish-brown, rough due to numerous scars and a few adventitious roots, internal portion creamish white; fracture, short; taste, acrid.1

Parts Used:            Corm

Phytochemistry:

Betulinic Acid, β-Sitosterol, Stigmasterol, Lupeol, Triacontane, Glucose, Galactose, Rhamnose and Xylose.1

As per Ayurveda:

Rasa (Taste)                  Pungent, astringent

Guna (Property)            Light, rough

Veerya (Potency)          Hot

Vipaka (End Result)    Pungent

Pharmacological Actions:

Traditionally, Amorphophallus campanulatus tuber is used for the treatment of enlarged spleen, liver dysfunction, haemorrhoids, rheumatism and tumour.

Suranakanda is Kaphahara; its primary pharmacological actions are summarized as under:

Digestive System: 

i. The extract has been observed to exert a significant chemopreventive effect on experimentally-induced colon carcinogenesis.2  

ii. It is a potent hepatoprotective.3

iii. Possesses gastroprotective and anti-ulcerogenic activities.4

Others: 

i. The extract possesses significant immunomodulatory activity. 5

ii. Exhibits significant antioxidant activity. 6,7

iii. Possesses considerable antibacterial activity. 8

iv. Exhibits analgesic activity. 9

Indications:

 Liver Disorders

 Hamorrhoids

References:

1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-1, Vol-3.

2. Ansil PN, Prabha SP, Nitha A, Latha MS. Chemopreventive Effect of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume Tuber Against Aberrant Crypt Foci and Cell Proliferation in 1, 2-Dimethylhydrazine Induced Colon Carcinogenesis. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(9):5331-9.

3. Jain S, Dixit VK, Malviya N, Ambawatia V. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Amorphophallus campanulatusRoxb. tubers. Acta Pol Pharm. 2009 Jul-Aug;66(4):423-8.

4. Nataraj HN, Murthy RLN, Setty R. Evaluation of gastroprotective ability of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius corms against indomethacin induced gastric ulcers. RGUHS J Pharm Sci. 2012; 2(1).

5. A.S Tripathi, V Chitra, N.W Sheikh, D.S Mohale, A.P Dewan. Immunomodulatory Activity of the Methanol Extract of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Araceae) Tuber. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2010;9(5).

6. K. G. Sahu, S. S. Khadabadi and S. S. Bhide. Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant activity of Amorphophallus campanulatus (roxb.) Ex Blume decne. Int. J. Chem. Sci.: 7(3), 2009, 1553-1562

7. Ansil PN, Nitha A, Prabha SP, et al. Protective effect of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume. tuber against thioacetamide induced oxidative stress in rats. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011 Nov;4(11):870-7.

8. Khan A, Rahman M, Islam MS. Antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic activities of amblyone isolated from Amorphophallus campanulatus. Indian J Pharmacol. 2008 Jan;40(1):41-4.

9. Shilpi JA, Ray PK, Sarder MM, Uddin SJ. Analgesic activity of Amorphophallus campanulatus tuber. Fitoterapia. 2005 Jun;76(3-4):367-9.

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